A. Philip Randolph

Title

A. Philip Randolph

Description

Civil rights leader and labor organizer A. Philip Randolph created coalitions of African-Americans to pressure presidents, congress, and local governments to end racial discrimination. In 1941, he organized the Negro March on Washington, planning its ending at the Lincoln Memorial on the National Mall. Intended to end discrimination in defense industries and the US Armed Forces and to ban lynching, he cancelled the march when President Franklin Roosevelt signed Executive Order 8802 banning discrimination in defense industries. For Randolph, it was a partial victory.

Coverage

First Name

A. Philip

Last Name

Randolph

Birth Date

4/15/1889

Birthplace

Crescent City, Florida

Death Date

5/16/1979

Occupation

Biographical Text

The grandson of slaves, civil rights activist and labor organizer A. Philip Randolph founded the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, the first African-American labor union, in 1925.

For the next several decades, Randolph worked to end racial discrimination in employment, for the desegregation of the US Armed Forces, for a ban on lynching, and for an end to racial discrimination.

Working closely with Martin Luther King, Randolph served among the leaders of major civil rights movements throughout the country, lobbying for racial equality behind-the-scenes and through public demonstrations and protests. Executive order 8802 banning discrimination in defense industries, Executive Order 9981 banning discrimination in the military, and the organization of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom in 1963 highlight a few of the successes of his non-violent civic activism.

Description

Civil rights leader and labor organizer A. Philip Randolph created coalitions of African-Americans to pressure presidents, congress, and local governments to end racial discrimination. In 1941, he organized the Negro March on Washington, planning its ending at the Lincoln Memorial on the National Mall. Intended to end discrimination in defense industries and the US Armed Forces and to ban lynching, he cancelled the march when President Franklin Roosevelt signed Executive Order 8802 banning discrimination in defense industries. For Randolph, it was a partial victory.

Birth Date

4/15/1889

Death Date

5/16/1979

Coverage

1920-1949